Monday, 18 November 2013

MACRO EVOLUTION BY DESIGN - THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

ADALBERTO ERAZO JR.

MACRO EVOLUTION BY DESIGN - THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

“...the Muhammaden theory of the evolution of man from lower forms” (p188). 

HISTORY OF THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RELIGION AND SCIENCE

By John William Draper, M. D., LL. D.
  Draper, John William, 1811-1882

PROFESSOR IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK,

AUTHOR OF A TREATISE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY, HISTORY OF THE INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPE, HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, AND OF MANY EXPERIMENTAL MEMOIRS ON CHEMICAL AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC SUBJECTS






Uploaded on 19 Dec 2010
Quran 29:20 Say: "Travel through the Earth and see how He began the Creation. Then, Allah makes the latter Creation. Allah is capable of (doing) everything".

24.45 . Allah has created every animal out of water . Of them (is a category which) walks upon its belly, (another which) walks upon two legs, and ( a third which) walks upon four . Allah creates what He wills. Allah is Able to do everything (He wants).

21: 30 Have not those who disbelieve seen (known) that the heavens and the Earth were of one connected entity, then We separated them (from each other), and We made every living thing out of water? Will they not then believe?

71.17. And Allah has caused you to grow out of the earth like plants.

32.7. (Allah is He) who has made everything He created better, and He began the creation of the human (being) out of clay.

Please read the article linked at the end of the video description for more Quranic verses about our evolution in this 1400 years old book.

A Message to Atheists:
Evolution theory and natural selection was the work of many scientists and philosophers. However, Muslim scientists contributed a lot to it and they didn't believe many myths from Greek philosophers like Aristotle who believed in spontaneous generation of life for example.
I'm a Muslim who strongly believes in evolution by design NOT in blind evolution and chance, natural selection and chance alone CANNOT make such a wonderful tree of life. Life in this universe is guided same as the universe itself is guided by ingenious laws that we just started to understand. If you think blind evolution and chance can bring sophisticated life answer the Quranic challenge in my other video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYO9Au...

If you still want to attribute evolution to the Greeks please send me a link with advanced knowledge like Muslim scientists had not just the vague ideas Greeks had about evolution, if you disagree ask John William Draper to change the name of evolution his book :)


A Message To Muslims:
-Eve from Adam's rib: Most of the ideas that contradict evolution among Muslims are from the myths of other religions which were imported to Islam and attributed falsely to the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Our father Adam (peace be upon him) was preferred or chosen over other people of his time as Allah stated clearly in Quran 3:33-34, just like Allah chose any prophet after him also Quran stated in these verses that all were "offspring", Adam was included and Allah is never short of words.

-Creation of Adam in Heaven: There is no such thing in the Quran, Adam was reworded to stay in Heaven with his wife AFTER he won the contest against the angels (the naming of creatures) as Quran stated clearly in 2:35 and 7:19. When Adam disobeyed Allah and ate from the tree him and his wife were sent back to Earth.

-Why Adam disobeyed Allah? Because Allah didn't promise Adam to be immortal in Heaven, Adam was growing older and Satan promised him that if he ate from the immortality tree then he will not grow older. Quran: 20:120 and 7:20

-Creation of Adam from dust: We are all created from dust, just like our father Adam. Quran 18:37, Quran 30:20, Quran 35:11, Quran 40:67.

-Adam was created suddenly: Just This verse is enough to refute such claim and there are many others Quran 7:11: And We created you (humans, in plural form), then fashioned you (made you in the image you are, also addressing humans in plural form), then said to the angels: Prostrate to Adam!

-How can Adam be our father if there were many humans?: The children of the smart man that Allah chose were the most fit to survive to our days (survival of the fittest), there are many other human species which we found their fossils only and they didn't make it to our time.

-How Adam children got married? If Adam and Eve were the only humans then the only answer is that brothers married their sisters, do you accept such answer? Of course there were other humans and Adam children married them.

-Allah is NOT a wizard, He does NOT pull new stars and new galaxies from a magic hat and certainly He doesn't do that for new species. Allah created and planned this universe on scientific laws; evolution is just one of them. Evolution means way more ingenious creator than a wizard who had to come to Earth and pull species one after another because he couldn't plan that from the beginning and you know very well that Allah is the best planner, evolution was part of the plan from the beginning of creation of this universe.

Please read the article linked here, don't be brainwashed by the myths of other religions. Thank you.

Click on the link below for more information about evolution in the Qur'an.

MACRO EVOLUTION BY DESIGN

Evolution was an Islamic Theory Before Darwin was Even Born!

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"O thou man!
Verily thou art ever
Toiling on towards thy Lord-
Painfully toiling, -but thou
Shalt meet Him...
So I do call
To witness the ruddy glow Of Sunset;
The Night and its Homing;
And the Moon
In her Fullness:
Ye shall surely travel
From stage to stage."

Surah 84 Inshiqaq verses 6, 16-19


Darwin's theory of Evolution describes a growth process that takes place in the biological or physical form that is necessary for us to survive. Natural selection states:

Natural selection is the means by which beneficial variations in a population tend to be preserved while unfavorable variations tend to be lost. One of the key concepts behind the theory of natural selection is that there is variation within populations. As a result of that variation, some individuals are better suited to their environment while other individuals are not so well-suited. Because members of a population must compete for finite resources, those better suited to their environment will out-compete those that are not as well-suited.

Darwin's theory of evolution was referred to by scholars of his time as the "Mohammadan theory of evolution of man from lower forms". Contrary to popular belief the theory of evolution NEVER stated that man evolved from apes and other misguided concepts blamed on that theory. Muslim scholars and scientists did not have the problems with evolution as Christians did and also as later Muslims does who never truly understood Darwin's theory of evolution. In fact the ideas proposed by Darwin about evolution was proposed by Muslim scientists hundreds of years before Darwin.

MACRO EVOLUTION BY DESIGN

The Muslim theory of evolution

By Ghaffar Hassan

Denying evolution not only puts Muslims out of touch with established science, it puts them out of touch with their own scientific heritage.

Islam-crescent-moon-2
Is evolution compatible with Islam?
 
The debate amongst Muslims about the compatibility of evolution by natural selection with Quranic teachings has gained real momentum in recent years. With an increasing number of Muslim scientists coming forward and publicly declaring their belief in evolution, the debate has also began to attract the wrath of conservatives, who feel threatened by evolution and view it as a falsifiable western concoction.
 
Belief in evolution remains a minority position in virtually all Muslim societies around the world today. According to studies, 22 percent of Turks, 16 percent of Indonesians, 14 percent of Pakistanis, 11 percent of Malaysians, and 8 percent of Egyptians believe in evolution. In comparison, belief in evolution is between 60 – 80 percent in most European societies, and 40 percent in the US.

But things may not always have been this way. Traditionally, western scientists considered evolution a theory primarily promulgated by their Muslim counterparts. A contemporary of Charles Darwin, Sir William Draper, in his book 'The Conflict Between Religion and Science,' refers to “...the Muhammaden theory of the evolution of man from lower forms” (p188).

Draper's observation was based on the fact that Muslim scientists since the 9th century CE have been alluding to the idea that humans evolved from less sophisticated life forms over a long period of time. 
Al-Jahiz (781-869 CE), a Muslim scholar based in present day Iraq, states in 'The Book of Animals':

Animals engage in a struggle for existence; for resources, to avoid being eaten and to breed. Environmental factors influence organisms to develop new characteristics to ensure survival, thus transforming into new species. Animals that survive to breed can pass on their successful characteristics to offspring.

Ibn Khaldun, perhaps one of the most famous Muslim Polymaths of all time, published a book called 'The Muqadimmah' in 1377 CE. In it he states:

One should then take a look at the world of creation. It started out from the minerals and progressed, in an ingenious, gradual manner, to plants and animals. The last stage of minerals is connected with the first stage of plants, such as herbs and seedless plants. The last stage of plants, such as palms and vines, is connected with the first stage of animals, such as snails and shellfish.

He adds:

The animal world then widens, its species become numerous, and, in a gradual process of creation, it finally leads to man, who is able to think and reflect. The higher stage of man is reached from the world of monkeys, in which both sagacity and perception are found...

There were also many other Muslim scholars, writing between the 9th and the 14th century, that expressed ideas similar to those of al-Jahiz and Ibn Khaldun. Persian scholar, Ibn Miskawahy (932-1030) provided perhaps the most vivid account of evolution from that period, seeking to harmonise it with the Quranic description of creation in the process.

So why didn't these ideas take off and integrate into the fabric of mainstream Muslim thought and society? There are a number of reasons.

Firstly, Muslim empires in the past believed in centralising knowledge rather than disseminating it en masse. Centres of learning, such as Baghdad and Cordoba, had their houses of knowledge in which scientists would work, preserving and developing on, primarily, Hellenistic knowledge. There was no printing press, and even when it did arrive it was rejected, thus such knowledge was largely reserved for an elite audience. When centres of learning were conquered and destroyed, as Baghdad was in 1256 by the Mongols, most of the knowledge was lost too.

Secondly, the religious authorities of the time were largely opposed to ideas being put forward by scientists and other rationalist thinkers such as Ibn Rushd, and before him, Ibn Sina. They felt threatened by non-theological attempts to ascertain truths and Muslim leaders often sided with the religious authorities for political reasons.

Thirdly, literalist and dogmatic strands of Islamic theology have been aggressively promoted all around the Muslim world over the past few decades or ever since huge oil deposits were discovered in the Arabian Gulf. The Saudi state, in an attempt at cultural imperialism, has done its best to mainstream Wahabi thinking in Muslim communities everywhere. The result: a retardation and stagnation of thinking in parts of the world that were already very stagnant.

Most conservative Muslims today feel threatened by the idea of evolution, especially since the evidence for it is over-whelming and an increasing number of believers are starting to accept it. History illustrates that this doesn't have to be the case. Evolution is not a modern western construct. Like most great ideas, it has been developed over hundreds of years by many great thinkers, from Aristotle all the way to Dawkins.

Most importantly of all, the theory of evolution today, especially with the advances in our understanding of DNA, is fact. Denying it not only puts Muslims out of touch with established science, it puts them out of touch with their own scientific heritage.

http://www.thecommentator.com/article/2440/the_muslim_theory_of_evolution


Evolution in Islam

Uploaded on 12 Dec 2010
A lecture by Yusuf Estes about evolution in Islam



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